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Ghous ul Aazam > Return to Baghdad

 

Return to Baghdad

 

After completing 40 years Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s Mercy be on him) returned to Baghdad in 511 AH. He went to meet his teacher Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak (Allah’s Mervy be on) who appointed him as professor in his Jamia (University). He taught all the subjects that he had learnt so diligently that he very soon became a popular teacher. Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak (Allah’ smercy be on him) handed over the institution to Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani’s (Allah’s Mercy be on him) care before his beath in 513 AH 1119 AD. He is buried in the Babul Karb of Baghdad.

Hazrat Abdul Qdir Jilani (Allah’s Mercy be on him) had come to Baghdad to serve humanity but moral degeneration and Islamic values exploited by men in power disgusted him. He decided to leave Baghdad and help people in the rural areas. With Qur’aan in his hands he left the city and he had hardly reached Bab-e-Halbah on the outskirts of baghdad he felt a voice restraining him from leaving Baghdad. It was the will of Allah and he came back. The next day while passing through a street an elderly man opened a door and greeted Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s Mercy be on him). He enquired about his day before and the intention about leaving the city and then closed the door. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s Mercy be on him) was shocked as his intentions were not disclosed to anyone and wondered how this stranger could have known about it. After many days Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) met that elderly man passing through the street and he was invited to his house. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) went to the house of Shaikh Hammad Al Dabbas who was a Syrain and a syrup vendor. This Darvesh was a reputed saint of Baghdad and emphasized spiritual training, Tasawwuf and Tariqat. He tought the student to act in consonance with the will of Allah while  maintaining their individuality. Hazrat Hammad al Dabbas liked Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) and gave special attention and trained him in Tasawwuf. At first sufi religious aspirants did not include Aalim (scholar) and Faqih (Jurist). Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) paved the way to amalgamat them.He was a sufi aalim and faqih.

After the death of Shaikh-e-Tariqat Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak, the spiritual attachment became closer and stronger between Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) and Hazrat Hammad Al Dabbas. He became Shaikh-e-sohbat (guide in association) of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) and had great regards for him. Hazrat Hammad Al Dabbas bestowed the title of Baz-ul Ashab (the dashing falcon) on Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him). He often spoke highly about Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) and even narrated many miracles of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him). Hazrat Hammad al Dabbas died in 525 Ah, 1130 AD and his tomb is in Shorezia in Baghdad.

The Title of MOHIYUDDIN .
Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) was also conferred with the title of Mohiyuddin i.e. the reviver of the faith. In the year 511 AH Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) saw in a vision that he was walking along a street in Baghdad. There he met on the roadside an old and sick man who offered Islamic greetings and asked Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) to help him to get up Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) answered his salutation and offered to help him up. No sooner did Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) help him, he improved and changed in stature miraculously. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) was wonderstruck and a little afraid, but the man allayed his fear and said, “I am Islam the religion of your grandfather, I had become diseased and nearly died but Allah has revived me through your help. “Later at the public appearance in the mosque a man came and addressed him as ‘O Sayed Mohiyuddin’, since then people have addressed him with this name.

Blessed by Allah’s Messenger Hazrat Muhammed (Blessings of Allah and peace be on him) he became a great preacher, orator and reformer.

Once in Shawwal 521 AH Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) saw Allah’s Messenger in his dream advising him to make a speech and to impart his knowledge to others. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) asked to be blessed with eloquence as he was an Ajmi (non-Arab). Allah’s Messenger recited the aayat “Call unto the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preachings’ (16 : 25) seven times and blew on the face of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him). The same day after Zuhar prayer Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) mounted the pulpit and gave a sermon. The audience were entranced and there was no looking back. His assemblies were attended by men of all calibre. Halls gave way to fields. About 400 men remained engaged in recording his speeches (Akhbarul Akhyar). Many embraced Islam under the influence of his sermons. His fame for learning, piety, inner illumination, truth and strict adherence to Shariyat spread all over. People flocked to hear his lectures and benefit from the sermons that covered all aspects of life. Muslim sinners would change their course of life after listening to his discourses. His spiritual personality awed greatest of men. His preaching and so when Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) spoke he was prompted by the Grace of Allah causing the miraculous and revolutionary power of such discourses.

Once Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani's (Allah’s mercy be on him) son, Sayed Abdul Wahab, who was a very pious learned man and a good orator, after receiving the permission he gave a very good sermon but could not impress the restless audience. Then Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) spoke in a simple manner and the prople were enthrilled. When Abdul Wahab inquired about this, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) replied that his son relied on knowledge when he spoke, whereas he [Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him)] relied on Allah when he delivered his speeches.

Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) later on became a Mufti i.e. he was entitled to issue Fatwa. In the year 528 Ah, 1134 AD a new avenue opened to serve people i.e. give opinions regarding sensitive problems, in the light of Shariyat. His fatwas were always precise and far sighted. Many Caliphs and Vazirs used to send their requests to Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) for his fatwas in personal as well as state matters. Thus Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah’s mercy be on him) served humanity through his fatwas and brought enlightenment and guidance to all and solved confusing problems.

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